- 1851, London --
The first world's fair is held in the Crystal Palace (which introduced the large-scale use of metal and glass prefabricated
construction); Colt revolver, and McCormick reaper.
- 1853, Dublin -- The first elevator.
- 1855, Paris -- The first sewing machine.
- 1862, London -- The first calculating machine.
- 1876, Philadelphia -- Charles Hires's root beer, Alexander Graham
Bell's telephone, Remington's typewriter, Heinz Ketchup, and Queen Anne architecture are all introduced.
- 1878, Paris -- The first outdoor electric lighting.
- 1889, Paris -- The unveiling of the Eiffel Tower; the first gas-powered
- 1893, Chicago -- Cream of Wheat, Shredded Wheat, Pabst Beer,
Aunt Jemima syrup, Juicy Fruit gum, hamburgers, carbonated soda, picture postcards, electric lights, cracker jacks, ferris
wheels, Postal service commemorative stamps, U.S. Mint commemorative coins, Columbus Day, the Pledge of Allegiance are all
exhibited for the first time. The Columbian Exposition of 1893 White City exhibit inspired both the U.S.'s
'City Beautiful' movement, as well as the Emerald City in the Wizard of Oz. Popular novels, such as Burnham's Sweet
Clover and Burnett's Two Little Pilgrims' Progress took the Fair as their backdrop and theme, while sections of
W.D. Howells' Letters from an Altrurian Traveler and Henry Adams' Education focused on the meaning of the huge
cultural event they had just experienced.
The Fair positioned itself as a cultural event, and included music
as an important element in that scheme. John Phillip Sousa's work was frequently performed by the many marching bands on the
Fairgrounds, Dvorak composed the New World Symphony in honor of the Exposition, and a young piano player named Scott
Joplin was quietly developing a new sound in music while working at the Fair--ragtime. The 1893 Fair also provided the
inspiration for the present-day carnival, which manifested itself shortly thereafter at Coney Island and later Disney World.
Thanks to the emphasis on exhibits and education at the Exposition, public science and art museums can be found in every population
center in the country. Of course, many of these museums were built in the monumental Beaux-Arts style; civic architecture
has utilized the style almost exclusively in the century since the Exposition closed.
1900, Paris -- Bonsai trees & motion pictures.
1904, St. Louis -- Dr Pepper, hamburger & hot dog buns, iced
tea, French's mustard, ice cream cones, teddy bears, controlled flight, the wireless telegraph; and the statue of Vulcan
(the world's largest cast metal statue and the largest statue ever made in the U.S.).
- 1915, San Francisco -- Palace of Fine Arts constructed; Kodachrome
photos and stunt flying.
- 1925, Paris -- Art Deco introduced.
- 1933, Chicago -- Radio Flyer Wagon displayed to millions.
- 1939, NYC -- RCA introduces television, modernist art, Trylon
- 1939, San Francisco -- Commemoration of the San Francisco-Oakland
Bay Bridge and the Golden Gate Bridge; atomic energy: model of a cyclotron.
- 1962, Seattle -- The Space Needle is constructed; monrails first
- 1964, NYC -- Pepsi creates the "It's a Small World" ride that
now resides at Disney World; New York gets the unisphere; computer technology, videophones, and the first fax machine.
- 1968, San Antonio -- Tower of the Americas built.
- 1970, Osaka -- First publically-displayed moon rocks.
- 1985, Tsukuba -- Advances in robotics.
- 1992, Seville -- large-scale outdoor air conditioning.